WJMC - West Jefferson Medical Center

WJMC - West Jefferson Medical Center


Signs and Symptoms

Your brain is the control center for your whole body. It lets you see, hear, taste, smell, feel, think, and move around. Each area has special tasks to do, and some areas work together to get their jobs done.

When your heart beats, it sends blood through arteries and veins to every part of your body. Blood carries oxygen to brain cells through arteries in and around the brain. Oxygen keeps the brain alive and working well.

When the brain’s blood flow stops or leaks into the wrong place, brain cells in that area die. This is called a STROKE or Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA). Brain cells which die will not recover (permanent brain damage). Other brain cells are in shock and will start working again after a while. No one can tell just how long it will take for these cells to begin working again. Most healing happens in the first year, but people may improve their skills for much longer. Also, people may learn new skills to replace the ones they’ve lost.

Some Signs of Stroke include:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause

If you have any of these symptoms or see someone else having them, call 9-1-1 immediately! Act FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time)

Stroke is an EMERGENCY, every minute counts.
If you are having any of these symptoms call 911!


Normal: Both sides of the face move equally.
Abnormal: One side of the face does not move at all.


Normal: Both arms move equally or not at all.
Abnormal: One arm drifts compared to the other.


Normal: Patient uses correct words with no slurring.
Abnormal: Slurred or inappropriate words or mute.


If the person shows any of these symptoms, call 911.

WJMC Stroke FACE Chart

Return to Neuroscience Stroke Care Homepage

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